Predicting Banking Crises with Artificial Neural Networks: The Role of Nonlinearity and Heterogeneity
Ristolainen, Kim (28.12.2017)
JulkaisusarjaScandinavian Journal of Economics
Numero1; January 2018
Julkaisun pysyvä osoite onhttps://urn.fi/URN:NBN:fi:bof-201803221383
Studies of the early warning systems (EWSs) for banking crises usually rely on linear classifiers, estimated with international datasets. I construct an EWS based on an artificial neural network (ANN) model, and I also account for regional heterogeneity in order to improve the generalization ability of EWS models. All of the banking crises in my test set are then predictable at a 24-month horizon, using information from earlier crises. For some countries, estimation with a regional dataset significantly improves the predictions. The ANN outperforms the usual logit regression, assessed by the area under the receiver operating characteristics curve.